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Understanding the Journey of the Banarsi Silk Fabric

Every woman has Banarsi silk sarees, Banarsi silk salwar suits, or lehengas in her wardrobe. Have you ever wondered why is the craze for Banarsi silk fabric undeterred regardless of the various fashion trends?

This luxurious, shining fabric is a true masterpiece that has won the hearts of many all around the world for several years now. Right from the ancient Banarsi silk sarees to the new age lehengas and Banarsi silk salwar suits, the Banarsi silk fabric has not lost its charm.

In this article, we will understand how this beautiful fabric originated and evolved.

Origin of the Banarasi Silk

The Banarsi silk fabric was created in the city of Varanasi or Banaras. It is one of the famous fabrics that was weaved for the first time in the Mughal era. Mughal emperor Akbar was the person who pioneered the Banarasi weaving technique. The Mughals encouraged and promoted the Banarsi silk weaving techniques and designs.

Known for its exquisite quality and intricate geometric and floral designs, the Banarsi silk fabric often has gold or silver thread or zari work.

How did the Banarasi Silk Fabric Evolve?

The weaving technique of the Banarsi silk fabric is quite fascinating. Silk fabrics are woven on a jacquard loom which has around 5600 threads with a width of 45 inches. A thread or a weft goes over and under a set of threads called the warp. The way in which the weft passes over and under the warp determines the pattern that is woven into the silk fabric.

A weaver will create design boards by outlining on graph paper by indicating the colour concepts. The punch cards come in front before the final design is chosen, and then hundreds of such cards are formed to create a single pattern on the fabric.

When the British took over India, Banaras turned into the central hub for producing this fabric. The production of Banarsi silk fabrics was encouraged by them and consequently, the demand for this silk fabric saw an upward trend in countries like Europe and America.

While the demand for this fabric surged each year, it also has undergone several changes. However, this silk fabric stays as one of the most popular types of silk fabrics in India. The Banarsi silk fabric is used widely in India to make traditional garments.

With time, the designs have become intricate and new methods of production and weaving have developed. Today, Banarsi silk fabric is one of the most preferred types of fabric across the globe.

Buy Banarsi Silk Sarees and Lehengas from Chinaya Banaras

Chinaya Banaras has a wide range of Banarsi silk sarees, lehengas, and Banarsi silk salwar suits to cater to women of all age groups. Chinaya Banras offers exquisite and the finest designs that will certainly win your heart. Besides, Chinaya Banaras is known for its uncompromised quality of Banarsi silk fabrics.


Q1. How is Benarasi silk fabric made?

The process begins with the extraction of silk filaments from silkworm cocoons. These cocoons are produced by silkworms, mainly the Bombyx mori species, which feed on mulberry leaves. The filaments are extracted by boiling the cocoons. The filaments are twisted together to form silk threads. The silk threads are dyed using natural or synthetic dyes to achieve the desired colour. Artisans create intricate designs and patterns on paper templates, which serve as the blueprint for the weaving process. The process begins with setting up the warp threads or long, parallel threads that run vertically on the loom and are responsible for the length of the brocade fabric. The zari threads are incorporated into the fabric as it is woven, creating the desired designs. Once the weaving is complete, the fabric is cut from the loom. The brocade fabric is washed, starched, and treated with special finishes to enhance its sheen.

Q2. What are the uses of Silk Fabric?

Silk fabric is a versatile and luxurious textile that has been cherished for centuries for its softness, sheen, and comfort. It finds a wide range of uses in various aspects of fashion, interior design, and more. Silk is used to create a wide variety of clothing items, including dresses, blouses, shirts, skirts, pants, and formalwear. Its natural breathability and lustrous appearance make it suitable for both casual and formal attire.

Q3. How to identify Banarasi fabric?

Many authentic Banarasi fabric products will come with a label or tag indicating their origin and authenticity. Look for tags that mention "Banarasi Silk. Authentic Banarasi fabric is known for its intricate and elaborate weaving patterns, often featuring motifs like flowers, paisleys, and geometric shapes. Banarasi fabric is traditionally handwoven on looms by skilled artisans. Look for signs of hand weaving, such as slight irregularities in the weave, which can be a hallmark of authenticity. Run your fingers over the fabric's surface. Genuine Banarasi silk is soft and smooth. Banarasi silk is moderately heavy due to its high thread count and quality. Banarasi fabric often incorporates zari work, which is the use of metallic threads, such as gold or silver, to create intricate patterns and motifs.

Q4. What is the dimension of Banarasi Silk saree?

The dimensions of a Banarasi Silk saree especially when you buy festive sarees online can vary, but they typically follow a standard size range. The Banarasi festive sarees online are typically around 5.5 to 6.5 meters in length. This length includes the main body of the saree and the pallu. The width of the saree can vary but is usually between 45 to 50 inches. These dimensions are standard for most sarees, including Banarasi Silk sarees. However, there can be variations depending on the specific design, weaving technique, and the preferences of the wearer. Some sarees may be slightly longer or wider to accommodate intricate designs and patterns. Additionally, the length and width can be adjusted during the tailoring process to suit the individual wearer's height and style preferences.